Python Generating Random Quiz Files

投稿者: | 2017年2月20日

アメリカの州の首都を答えるテストを作るプログラム。

!/user/bin/env python
# - Creates quizzes with questions and answers in
# random order, along with the answer key.

import random


capitals = {'Alabama': 'Montgomery', 'Alaska': 'Juneau', 'Arizona': 'Phoenix',
'Arkansas': 'Little Rock', 'California': 'Sacramento', 'Colorado': 'Denver',
'Connecticut': 'Hartford', 'Delaware': 'Dover', 'Florida': 'Tallahassee',
'Georgia': 'Atlanta', 'Hawaii': 'Honolulu', 'Idaho': 'Boise', 'Illinois':
'Springfield', 'Indiana': 'Indianapolis', 'Iowa': 'Des Moines', 'Kansas':
'Topeka', 'Kentucky': 'Frankfort', 'Louisiana': 'Baton Rouge', 'Maine':
'Augusta', 'Maryland': 'Annapolis', 'Massachusetts': 'Boston', 'Michigan':
'Lansing', 'Minnesota': 'Saint Paul', 'Mississippi': 'Jackson', 'Missouri':
'Jefferson City', 'Montana': 'Helena', 'Nebraska': 'Lincoln', 'Nevada':
'Carson City', 'New Hampshire': 'Concord', 'New Jersey': 'Trenton', 'NewMexico': 'Santa Fe',
'New York': 'Albany', 'North Carolina': 'Raleigh',
'North Dakota': 'Bismarck', 'Ohio': 'Columbus', 'Oklahoma': 'Oklahoma City',
'Oregon': 'Salem', 'Pennsylvania': 'Harrisburg', 'Rhode Island': 'Providence',
'South Carolina': 'Columbia', 'South Dakota': 'Pierre', 'Tennessee':
'Nashville', 'Texas': 'Austin', 'Utah': 'Salt Lake City', 'Vermont':
'Montpelier', 'Virginia': 'Richmond', 'Washington': 'Olympia',
'WestVirginia': 'Charleston', 'Wisconsin': 'Madison', 'Wyoming': 'Cheyenne'}


def main():
    for quizNum in range(35):

        # Create the quiz and answer key files
        quizFile = open('capitalsquiz{}.txt'.format(quizNum + 1), 'w')
        answerkeyFile = open('capitalsquiz_answer{}.txt'.format(quizNum + 1), 'w')

        # Write out the header for the quiz
        quizFile.write('Name:\n\nDate:\n\nPeriod:\n\n')
        quizFile.write((' ' * 20) + 'State Capitals Quiz (Form {})'.format(quizNum + 1))
        quizFile.write('\n\n')

        # shuffle the order of the states
        states = list(capitals.keys())
        random.shuffle(states)

        # loop through all 50 state, making a question for each
        for questionNum in range(50):
            # Get right and wriong answer
            correctAnswer = capitals[states[questionNum]]
            wrongAnswers = list(capitals.values())
            del wrongAnswers[wrongAnswers.index(correctAnswer)]
            wrongAnswers = random.sample(wrongAnswers, 3)
            answerOptions = wrongAnswers + [correctAnswer]
            random.shuffle(answerOptions)

            # Wwite question and answer options to the quiz file
            quizFile.write('{}. What is the capital of {}\n'.format(questionNum + 1, states[questionNum]))
            for i in range(4):
                quizFile.write(' {}. {}'.format('ABCD'[i], answerOptions[i]))
                quizFile.write('\n')

            # Write the answer key to file
            answerkeyFile.write('{}. {}\n'.format(questionNum + 1, 'ABCD'[answerOptions.index(correctAnswer)]))
        quizFile.close()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

 

関数やクラスを使ったらもっとわかりやすく美しいソースコードになるかも。

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